Riverhead NJROTC Unit #96871
Cadet Handbook
Practical Factors
Cadet Resources
Drill Practice Schedule
National Chain of Command
Orders to the Sentry
Cadet Handbook
Promotion Test Guide Lines
Recent and Upcoming Events
Recent Promotions
Standard Release Form
Trips Events and Community Service
Unit Chain of Command

Riverhead High School


Unit Handbook



Dear NJROTC Cadets,

        This packet has been created to clarify several aspects of the RHS NJROTC Unit which are specific to our program. Most of the information you will need in reference to NJROTC you will find in the Orange Field Manual and White Naval Junior Reserve Officers Training Corps book which will also be issued during this orientation. The following pages will only make sense to you, as a cadet, once you have basic knowledge and exposure to the unit in operation. This information will likely change as our years in the NJROTC program go by, so stay alert for revisions and announcements from the unit staff. If you have any questions, feel free to ask those around you, specifically superiors. However, please consult the other reference materials first, as many answers are there. If something is still in the gray zone, or you do not have those assets at your disposal, refer to the Navy's, and therefore our unit's, core values. HONOR, COURAGE, and COMMITMENT. These values, above all else, will guide you through your four years in our program and your life above and beyond.


            The Officers

Unit Events

NS-1 Orientation:

Freshman cadets (Naval Science 1) are invited to come into the school prior to the beginning of the academic year to get a basic introduction to Riverhead NJROTC. Senior cadets return and instruct the NS-ls in the Chain of Command, unit procedures, very basic close order drill, and issue uniforms. The two days are not mandatory but provide a valuable acclimation period before the hectic months of freshman year.

Back to School Night

Upperclassman cadets act as ushers for Parents attending the annual back to school night. They assist parents in finding specific classrooms pertaining to their child's school schedule.

September Family Social:

All of the families of the cadets are invited to come down to the High School cafeteria one night in September to enjoy a potluck dinner and social event. This gives the families a good chance to get to know each other and offers plenty of information to the parents of new cadets. The Parent Support Group (PSG) will also be on hand to discuss parent participation in the ROTC program.


RHS cadets are required to march in the homecoming and Memorial Day parades as part of their quarter grades. Those who participate in band will march with ROTC for homecoming and band for Memorial Day. During homecoming parade for those who are on the football team, they will be with their team and receive an excused absence.


BLT is an optional training event that takes place early in October. While the camp is set to create an environment of controlled stress for the cadet, it is also one which facilitates a huge amount of learning. Cadets will be introduced to military drill, knowledge, inspections, PT systems, and the chain of command, as well as learning self-discipline, followership, and teamwork. Part of the weekend is devoted to a ropes course run by an accredited outside company which fosters confidence and the ability to deal with situations outside the cadet's normal comfort zone.

Rotary Service Events:

Riverhead cadets take part in several community service events sponsored by the Riverhead Rotary club throughout the year. These events include a pancake breakfast, spaghetti dinner and fair clean up. All of this voluntary service goes toward cadet community service and the cadets who do an exceptional job are rewarded by the Rotary at the end of year awards ceremony.

Orientation Trips:

Cadets travel to both Shinnecock Coast Guard Station and Westhampton Air National Guard base where they see actual military units in action and are able to ride the respective vehicles of the different detachments. These trips broaden the cadet's knowledge on how diverse the branches are.

Outdoors Events:

Each year the unit takes a non-military oriented trip to Shelter Island. This trip is designed to be a relaxed environment for cadets to develop camaraderie and enhance cadet relationships while emphasizing physical fitness. The itinerary of events will include kayaking, hiking and bike riding over the course of a weekend.

Drill Meets:

Drill team cadets are required to come to these events, but all of our cadets are welcome to come and support our competitors while watching other schools and meeting various non-Riverhead cadets. The unit competes in an average of four competitions which last usually all day on a Saturday. Depending on unit success at preliminary events, the unit may be able to compete at regional and national competitions which are often overnight trips.

Navy Ball:

The Navy Ball provides cadets with a chance to relax with their friends and enjoy an official party. The beginning section is based in military tradition with an arch of swords and a table of honor explanation. After the ceremonies, the cadets are invited to enjoy a catered dinner and hours on the dance floor. This also a social build for cadets, where cadets learn how to communicate and socialize.

End of Year Awards:

The unit hosts an awards ceremony in early June. Parents and families are invited to see the cadets receive unit and other organizational awards as well as enjoy dinner and socializations as the year comes to a close. At this dinner, there is also the change of the staff.

Leadership Academy/Sail Training:

Area 4 Leadership Academy occurs every year at NTC Newport. It is a two week program created by area 4 leaders and run by instructors from all over the Northeast. Selection is competitive and based on all aspects of a cadet including, but not limited to, Academics, Drill, PT, Leadership and Attitude. The Riverhead unit is guaranteed two slots, but may receive more based on spot openings. LA/ST graduates are the only cadets authorized to wear the coveted Silver Cord!



Freshman Cadets

Freshman Cadets do not generally take on billets as their job is to learn as much as possible of how the unit is organized and operates, as well as its customs and courtesies. They should act as the work force in the different departments to decide what they like best and wish to do for the rest of their time in the program. Upon selection for a billet, generally towards the end of freshman year, they will be cleared to ascend to the rank of cadet Petty Officer 3rd Class.

Squad Leaders:

Squad Leaders are junior cadets who have shown enough responsibility, initiative, and ability to assume their first leadership role. These cadets should be model junior cadets, up to date on knowledge and drill, showing up at all events, and wearing the uniform correctly and at all times required. There are three in each platoon.

Assistant Platoon Commander:

The assistant platoon commander is culled from a platoon's squad leader and is the senior enlisted person for that platoon. He or she is responsible to aid the Platoon Commander in managing all facets of the platoons operations. The Assistant is also required to act as an advisor to the platoon's junior cadets, dealing with their welfare, morale, and problems to make sure the unit is running at optimal efficiency.

Platoon Commander:

As an officer, the platoon commander is responsible to take care of everything in a platoon. They relay orders from the Unit Staff and take part in organizing and running the unit. It is their responsibility to develop the platoon to the best of their abilities.

Departmental Positions:

There are four different departments in the RHS NJROTC program; each follows the basic command structure outlined here. The departments are as follows: Admin, Armory, Public Affairs, Training and Supply.

Departmental Petty Officers:

Departmental Petty Officers are third classes and higher who are assistants to Departmental Officers. They carry out the orders of the Departmental Chiefs and officers and must learn the different aspects of the department to be effective at their daily tasks.

Departmental Chiefs:

Chiefs are the second in command of their departments and are required to assistant the officers in planning and execution. They should know everything about the departments and be ready to stand in for the officer in case of his or her absence.

Departmental Officers: Officers are in command of their departments and are responsible for planning   and execution of their department tasks and for training their personnel as well as co-coordinating with the Unit Staff and other departments to support unit actions.

Staff Positions:

Commanding Officer:

The Commanding Officer is responsible for EVERY aspect of the unit

Executive Officer:

The XO is the number two cadet in the unit and is therefore responsible for all its operations and activities. Specifically though, the XO's job is to oversee the unit staff to make sure the departments are coordinated and effectively working together towards the unit goals. They must also be ready to stand in for the Commanding Officer in his or her absence.

Operations Officer:

The OPSO is another voice in the planning of unit operations and should be familiar with all the running of the unit. They are primarily responsible to make sure activities are executed properly. They should strive to improve the unit to the best of their ability and act as a resource for all other cadets.

Senior Cheif:

The unit Senior Cheif is the highest enlisted cedet, and is to hold meeings with the unit to maintain order.


Drill Team:

Drill team is Riverhead's largest competition team. Practices run on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday mornings at 0630 in the gymnasium, with extra practices occasionally scheduled before meets. NS-1 Cadets will learn basic drill for the first part of the year and then be able to compete, and lead, a freshman drill routine and color guard. Senior cadets will be able to participate in a variety of events including squads and platoons, both armed and unarmed, inspections, PT teams, and color guards. The unit competes in four competitions in an average year where they travel to host schools and spend a day competing in all of the aforementioned events.

Color Guard: Color Guard practices are held after school. Practice dates depend upon the commander and are held at least three times a week from 1405 - 1500. Varsity cadets mentor the NS-1 team for the begining of the year until the NS-1 commander feels ready to practice on his or her own. Color Guard practices are mandatory everyday after school at least two weeks before a drill meet depending on how prepared the team is. There is a branch off of Color Guard to perform at ceremonies throughout the community, but a cadet must have three prior practices in the position they have signed up for.

Air Rifle:

Air Rifle is held after school two days a week. Air Rifle Postal competitions are done in the Riverhead NJROTC classroom. For the Air Rifle Postal there are at least two teams of four. The team is run under safe range standards and allows cadets to practice marksmanship in the standing, sitting, and prone positions.

Academic Team:

The academic team is an offshoot of the drill team. Academic Team competitors compete both at drill competitions and with regional and national postal tests. There are no scheduled practices but team leaders can schedule time for review, or assign tests and readings to be done at home. Material comes right from the Naval Science text books and curriculum.

PT team:

There are two components to Riverhead's PT program. All cadets are invited to attend workouts lasting about an hour after school. For some drill meets and for PT postals selected cadets will meet and run the required events. Events vary between competitions, but often include pushups, sit-ups, and mile to mile-and-a-half runs.

Armed Trick:

Armed Trick is for those cadets dedicated to the Drill Team. ALL cadets must be proficient in unarmed basic as well as armed basic in order to meet the advanced rifle requirements of Armed Trick. All cadets participating in Armed Trick unless doing a school sport, are required to attend at least one of PT sessions each week. (If you are on a sports team but wish to show your dedication to the armed trick team as well as physical fitness team by showing up to these practices, you may do so). Also, NS1's wishing to learn armed trick will be given an orientation at the end of the year and selected based on unit participation as well as drill proficiency by the armed trick commander our unit instructors.

Promotion System


Position Required

Seaman Apprentice (SA)


Seaman (SN)

None (Active Participation)

Petty Officer 3rd Class (PO3)

Squad Leader, Departmental Participation

Petty Officer 2nd Class (P02)

Squad Leader, Departmental Participation

Petty Officer 1st Class (PO1)

Squad Leader, Departmental Petty Officer

Chief Petty Officer (CPO)

Assistant Platoon Commander, Department Chief,
Guide-on Barer

Senior Chief Petty Officer (SCPO)

Company Senior Chief

Ensign (ENS)

Platoon Commander, Trainings Officer, and Department Head

Lieutenant Junior Grade (LTJG)

Operations Officer

Lieutenant (LT)

Executive Officer

Lieutenant Commander (LTCDR)

Company Commander

Grade Requirements: (based on most recent report card)



PO3-Minimum of 75 in NJROTC

PO2-Minimum of 80 in NJROTC

PO1-Minimum of 85 in NJROTC, No Failures in Any Class

CPO-Minimum of 90 in NJROTC, 85 Overall (un-weighted)

Promotion Letters:

Promotion letters can be submitted at any time a cadet feels they are ready for a promotion. This letter must be submitted no earlier than 30 days from the last advancement to your Platoon Commander or Department Head and will travel through the Chain-of-Command, therefore it must be addressed: To Whom It May Concern. Your SNSI must approve the request and sign off on your letter before the administration of the promotion test.

Officer Promotions:

Rely on maintaining CPO qualifications and being assigned a billet with CO and SNSI consent.


There is no set policy for demotions; however, at the discretion of the Company Commander and Instructors, any cadet can be stripped of his or her rank or billet for improper conduct. The reasons will be furnished to the cadet first as a warning with time for correction and later at the time of demotion.



Quarters is run once a week from 1410 through 1500. It is a MANDATORY weekly event for all cadets. Quarters falls on a uniform day and so all cadets are expected to be in uniform all day through quarters. Absence will only be allowed in emergency or sports game situations. Sport practices, clubs, and Blue Masques all allow cadets to come late. Any conflicts can be taken up with the NJROTC instructors, and cadets who cannot attend must let their platoon commander know beforehand or receive a failing uniform grade for that day.

-Failure to wear the uniform or failure to attend quarters will result in a zero inspection grade.

-A cadet may get inspected in class but they must report to their platoon commander with an appropriate reason for missing quarters.

-Failure to contact a platoon commander means a strike, even if a cadet wore their uniform all day.

-Platoon Commanders have the ability to refuse credit to cadets whose excuses are illegitimate. The easiest way to prove legitimacy is to have a letter from home excusing cadets from quarters.

-If a cadet needs to attend extra help; a note from the teacher MUST be submitted to his/her platoon commander before quarters that day.

-Cadets who participate in sports MUST submit a game schedule to their platoon commanders at the beginning of each season. Cadets will be excused from quarters on days in which they have away games however, will be required to stay until 1430 on days in which they have home games.